Theme Detection Questions and Answers


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Each of the following questions contains a small paragraph followed by a question on it. Read each paragraph carefully and answer the question given below it.

It is up to our government and planners to devise ways and means for the mobilisation of about ten crore workers whose families total up about forty crore men, women and children. Our agriculture is over-manned. A lesser number of agriculturists would mean more purchasing or spending power to every agriculturist. This will result in the shortage of man-power for many commodities to be produced for which there will be a new demand from a prosperous agrarian class. This shortage will be removed by surplus man-power released from agriculture as suggested above.

 

The passage best supports the statement that:


A. employment in production is more fruitful than employment in agriculture.


B. Indian economy is in a poor shape basically due to improper mobilisation of man-power.


C. a shift of labour from agricultural sector to the industrial sector would uplift the living standard.


D. the industrial sector is labour-deficient while the agricultural sector is over-manned in our country.


Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option B


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Exports and imports, a swelling favourable balance of trade, investments and bank-balances, are not an index or a balance sheet of national prosperity. Till the beginning of the Second World War, English exports were noticeably greater than what they are today. And yet England has greater national prosperity today than it ever had. Because the income of average Englishmen, working as field and factory labourers, clerks, policemen, petty shopkeepers and shop assistants, domestic workers and other low-paid workers, has gone up.

 

The passage best supports the statement that:


A. a country's economic standard can be best adjudged by per capital income.


B. a country's balance of trade is the main criteria of determining its economic prosperity.


C. a nation's economy strengthens with the increase in exports.


D. English trade has continually increased since the Second World War.


Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option A


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Satisfaction with co-workers, promotion opportunities, the nature of work, and pay goes with high performance among those with strong growth needs. Among those with weak growth needs, no such relationship is present - and, in fact, satisfaction with promotion opportunities goes with low performance.

 

This passage best supports the statement that:


A. satisfaction is an inevitable organisational variable.
B. job satisfaction and performance are directly and closely related.
C. relationship between job satisfaction and performance is moderated by growth need.
D. every organisation has few employees having weak growth need.
E. high performance is essential for organisational effectiveness.

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option C


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The only true education comes through the stimulation of the child's powers by the demands of the social situations in which he finds himself. Through these demands he is stimulated to act as a member of a unity, to emerge from his original narrowness of action and feeling, and to conceive himself from the standpoint of the welfare of the group to which he belongs.

 

The passage best supports the statement that real education -


A. will take place if the children imbibe action and feeling.
B. will take place if the children are physically strong.
C. is not provided in our schools today.
D. comes through the interaction with social situations.
E. comes from the self-centred approach of the students.

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option D


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The press should not be afraid of upholding and supporting a just and righteous cause. It should not be afraid of criticising the government in a healthy manner. The press has to be eternally vigilant to protect the rights of the workers, backward and suppressed sections of the society. It should also give a balanced view of the things so that people can be helped in the formation of a healthy public opinion.

 

The passage best supports the statement that


A. press has a great role to play in a democracy.


B. the press is the only means to project to the masses the policies of the government.


C. the freedom of press is essential for the proper functioning of democracy.


D. the press can be used by the governments as an effective media for the upliftment of the backward sections of society.


E. all the information given by the press should be well-articulated so as to gain a good opinion towards the ruling party.


Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option C


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