# Cause and Effect Questions and Answers

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In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

* (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

* (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

* (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

* (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and

* (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Statements:

1. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.

2. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed by independent causes.

Statements:

1. The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.

2. The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The parents' protest against high fees being charged by the institutions led the government to interfere and fix the fees at a more affordable level.

Statements:

1. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.

2. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their wards from the local schools are independent issues, which must have been triggered by different individual causes.

Statements:

1. There is unprecedented increase in the number of young unemployed in comparison to the previous year.

2. A large number of candidates submitted applications against an advertisement for the post of manager issued by a bank.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

An increase in the number of unemployed youth is bound to draw in huge crowds for a single vacancy.

Statements:

1. The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers.

2. The citizens group in the locality have started night vigil in the area.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Both the statements are clearly backed by a common cause, which is clearly an increase in the number of thefts in the locality.

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