# Cause and Effect Tests

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Statements:

1. The private medical colleges have increased the tuition fees in the current year by 200 per cent over the last year's fees to meet the expenses.

2. The Government medical colleges have not increased their fees in spite of price escalation.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The increase in the fees of the private colleges and there being no increase in the same in Government colleges seem to be policy matters undertaken by the individual decisive boards at the two levels.

Statements:

1. Large number of people living in the low-lying areas has been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.

2. The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Evacuating low-lying areas and rushing in relief to the affected areas clearly indicates that floods have occurred in the area.

Statements:

1. It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.

2. The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

Statements:

1. The local co-operative credit society has decided to stop giving loans to farmers with immediate effect.

2. A large number of credit society members have withdrawn major part of their deposits from the credit society.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Clearly, withdrawal of funds by society members is bound to reduce the lending power of the society.

Statements:

1. The employees of the biggest bank in the country have given an indefinite strike call starting from third of the next month.

2. The employees of the Central Government have withdrawn their week long demonstrations.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The employees of a bank going on strike and the government employees calling off their protest seem to be two independent events that might have been triggered by individual causes.

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