Statement and Assumption


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In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.


Give answer

* (A) If only assumption I is implicit

* (B) If only assumption II is implicit

* (C) If either I or II is implicit

* (D) If neither I nor II is implicit

* (E) If both I and II are implicit.



Statement: Children are influenced more by their teachers nowadays.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. The children consider teachers as their models.

2. A large amount of children's time is spent in school.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option A

Explanation: Clearly, it is because children consider teachers as their model that they are more influenced by them. So, I is implicit. It is not necessary that the children are influenced by teachers because they spend much time in school. So, II is not implicit.



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Statement: You know that your suit is excellent when people ask about your tailor who tailored the suit.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. People do not ask about your tailor if your suit is not good.

2. The people want to know the criterion of an excellent suit.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option A

Explanation: The statement mentions that if the people ask about the tailor, your suit is good. This means that people ask only in the situation when the thing is good. So, I is implicit. The criteria of an excellent suit is not mentioned. So, II is not implicit.



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Statement: His recent investment in the shares of Company A is only a gamble.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. He may incur loss on his investment.

2. He may gain from his investment.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option C

Explanation: The use of the world 'gamble' indicates that he may either gain or lose in the deal.



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Statement: Why don't you go to the court if the employer does not pay you the Provident Fund contribution?

 

Assumptions:

 

1. Courts can intervene in matters of dispute between employer and employees.

2. It is obligatory for the employer to pay the Provident Fund contribution to the employees.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option E

Explanation: Clearly, the statement encourages one to go to court to get his Provident Fund from his employer. This implies that the issue comes under the jurisdiction of courts and that it is the right of the employee to claim his Provident Fund. So, both I and II are implicit.



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Statement: 'Double your money in five months.' - An advertisement.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. The assurance is not genuine.

2. People want their money to grow.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option B

Explanation: The truth or falsity of the promise made in the statement cannot be judged. So, I is not implicit. Since the concerned firm advertises with the assurance that money can be doubled quickly by investing with it, so II is implicit.



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