Statement & Assumption Verbal Reasoning Questions and Answers


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In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.


Give answer

* (A) If only assumption I is implicit

* (B) If only assumption II is implicit

* (C) If either I or II is implicit

* (D) If neither I nor II is implicit

* (E) If both I and II are implicit.



Statement: The education of a student at collegiate level, not taking into account maintenance expenses, costs four hundred rupees a year. Collegiate education is thus drawing heavily upon the national resources of an impoverished community. So college education should be restricted to a brilliant few.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. Our resources are very limited.

2. Only a few students should be admitted to the colleges.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option E

Explanation: The use of the words 'impoverished community' in the statement makes I implicit while the phrase 'college education should be restricted to a brilliant few' makes II implicit.



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Statement: A's advice to B - "Go to Helsinki via Tallinn - the shortest route".

 

Assumptions:

 

1. B wishes to go to Helsinki.

2. A gives advice to everybody.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option A

Explanation: A has advised B the route to Helsinki. This means that B wishes to go to Helsinki. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions only A's advice to B. So, II is not implicit.



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Statement: All existing inequalities can be reduced, if not utterly eradicated, by action of governments or by revolutionary change of government.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. Inequality is a man-made phenomenon.

2. No person would voluntarily part with what he possesses.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option A

Explanation: Since inequality can be reduced, it means that it is not natural but created. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned about people's response. So, II is not implicit.



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Statement: The campaign of 'Keep your city clean' started by the Civil Council did not evoke any response from the citizens.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. People do not desire to keep their city clean.

2. The Civil Council has failed in its campaign.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option E

Explanation: According to the statement, the campaign did not get any response from citizens. This means that people are not interested in keeping the city clean and the campaign has failed. So, both I and II are implicit.



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Statement: The district administration has issued a circular to all the farmers under its jurisdiction advising them for not using pesticides indiscriminately as it may pollute the ground water.

 

Assumptions:

 

1. People may stop using ground water if the farmers continue to use pesticides indiscriminately.

2. Farmers may refrain from using pesticides indiscriminately.

 


A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer & Explanation:

Answer: Option B

Explanation: The district administration has issued a circular to make the farmers aware of hazards that indiscriminate use of pesticides poses to ground water and plead them to refrain from the same. So, II is implicit. However, I cannot be assumed from the given statement and so it is not implicit.



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